Home / Disease Info / Gastro

Gastro

GERD
Gastro esophageal reflux disease is a disorder that results from stomach acid moving backward from the stomach into the esophagus. GERD usually happens because the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) — the muscular valve where the esophagus joins the stomach — opens at the wrong time or does not close properly.
Causes for Reflux Disease -GERD
No one knows the exact cause of gastro esophageal reflux. The following are several contributing factors that weaken or relax the lower esophageal sphincter, making reflux worse:
  • Lifestyle – Use of alcohol or cigarettes, obesity, poor posture (slouching)
  • Medications – Calcium channel blockers, theophylline , nitrates, antihistamines and pain killers
  • Diet – Fatty and fried foods, chocolate, garlic and onions, drinks with caffeine, acid foods such as citrus fruits and tomatoes, spicy foods, mint flavorings
  • Eating habits – Eating large meals, eating just before bedtime
  • Other medical conditions – Hiatus hernia, pregnancy, diabetes, rapid weight gain
Hiatus hernia is a condition when the upper part of the stomach protrudes up above the diaphragm (the strong muscle that separates the organs of the chest from those of the abdomen).
  • Normally, the diaphragm acts as an additional barrier, helping the lower esophageal sphincter keep acid from backing up into the esophagus.
  • A hiatus hernia makes it easier for the acid to back up.
  • Hiatus hernia can be caused by persistent coughing, vomiting, straining, or sudden physical exertion. Obesity and pregnancy can make the condition worse.
  • Hiatus hernia is very common in people older than 50 years.
  • Hiatus hernia usually requires no treatment. In rare cases when the hernia becomes twisted or is making GERD worse, surgery may be required.Gastro

About

Check Also

Mesothelioma Lawsuit

Mesothelioma Lawsuit

Individuals suffering from Mesothelioma are usually provided using the legal correct by Maryland law in …

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

*