Home / General Disease (page 10)

General Disease

A disease is an abnormal condition that affects the body of an organism.
It is often construed as a medical condition associated with specific symptoms and signs.
may be caused by internal dysfunctions, such as autoimmune diseases. In humans, “disease”
is often used more broadly to refer to any condition that causes pain,

ADDISON’S DISEASE

Addison's disease is a severe or total deficiency of the hormones made in the adrenal cortex, caused by a destruction of the adrenal cortex. There are normally two adrenal glands, located above each kidney. The adrenal glands are really two endocrine ( ductless or hormone producing ) glands in one. The inner part of the adrenal ( called the medulla ) produces epinephrine ( also called adrenaline ) which is produced at times of stress and helps the body respond to "fight or flight" situations by raising the pulse rate, adjusting blood flow, and raising blood sugar. However, the absence of the adrenal medulla and epinephrine does not cause disease. In contrast, the outer portion of the adrenal, the cortex, is more critical. The adrenal cortex makes two important steroid hormones, cortisol and aldosterone. Cortisol mobilizes nutrients, modifies the body's response to inflammation, stimulates the liver to raise the blood sugar, and also helps to control the amount of water in the body. Aldosterone regulates salt and water levels which affects blood volume and blood pressure. Cortisol production is regulated by another hormone, adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH), made in the pituitary gland which is located just below the brain. Classical Addison's disease results from a loss of both cortisol and aldosterone secretion due to the near total or total destruction of both adrenal glands. This condition is also called primary adrenal insufficiency. If ACTH is deficient, there will not be enough cortisol produced, although aldosterone may remain adequate. This is secondary adrenal insufficiency, which is distinctly different, but similar to Addison's disease, since both include a loss of cortisol secretion. Symptoms of Addison's Disease Addison’s disease is not usually apparent until over 90% of the adrenal cortex has been destroyed, so that very little adrenal capacity is left. This can take months to years and is known as primary adrenal insufficiency. Symptoms of the disease, once advanced, can include severe fatigue and weakness, loss of weight, increased pigmentation of the skin, faintness and low blood pressure, nausea, vomiting, salt cravings and painful muscles and joints. Because of the rather non-specific nature of these symptoms and their slow progression, they are often missed or ignored until, for example, a relatively minor infection leads to an abnormally long convalescence which prompts an investigation. Long term use of high doses of steroid drugs to treat other illnesses (for example high–dose prednisone for bowel disease or asthma) can also cause temporary or permanent loss of adrenal function. This is often referred to as secondary adrenal suppression.

Addison’s disease is a severe or total deficiency of the hormones made in the adrenal cortex, caused by a destruction of the adrenal cortex. There are normally two adrenal glands, located above each kidney. The adrenal glands are really two endocrine ( ductless or hormone producing ) glands in one. The …

Read More »

Head Lice: What Parents Should Know

Head Lice

Spotting a tiny, white speck in your child’s hair is enough to make many parents panic. Sure, head lice score high on the yuck factor, but they usually aren’t harmful. Here, you’ll find all the information you need to get a lice infestation under control.

Read More »

Baby’s Skin Healthy

Baby's Skin Healthy

xpect Bumps, Spots, and Rashes There’s nothing quite like the soft, delicate skin of a baby. And nothing like a cranky infant irritated by diaper rash, cradle cap, or another skin condition. While your baby is perfect, your baby’s skin may not be. Many babies are prone to skin irritation …

Read More »

Allergies, Asthma

Allergies, Asthma

The dramatic climate changes triggered by the storm may also cause mild to life-threatening allergy and asthma symptoms, according to the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology (ACAAI). Experts say the hurricane’s heavy rains will wash away ragweed pollen currently in bloom, but once the rain clears, pollen counts can skyrocket. Cold and …

Read More »

Allergies Are Out of Control

Allergies Are Out of Control

The Allergic Salute You vacuum with a HEPA filter. You stay indoors when the pollen count is high. You take medications as directed. But do you really have your allergy symptoms under control? If you’re constantly doing the “allergic salute,” the answer is probably no. This gesture — a swipe …

Read More »

Homeopathy can help combat Dengue!

Homeopathy can help combat Dengue

Nine years ago, when I was president of IHB (Instituto Hahnemanniano do Brasil), some homeopathic colleagues and I were summoned to the Municipal Department of Health of Rio de Janeiro by a doctor who worked in the homeopathy department of the Department of Health. She asked us to create a …

Read More »

What is Ebola Virus?

What is Ebola Virus

What is Ebola Virus? The Filoviridae family has two specific genera: Ebola and Marburg viruses.   Although there is no such exact scientific name for ebola virus, yet it gets its name from the Ebola River Valley in Zaire (presently being renamed as Democratic Republic of Congo). For those enquiring as …

Read More »

Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever

Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever

Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever  What is Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever? Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is caused by infection with a tick-borne virus (Nairovirus) in the family Bunyaviridae. The disease was first characterized in the Crimea in 1944 and given the name Crimean hemorrhagic fever. It was then later recognized in 1969 as the cause of …

Read More »

Hemorrhoids / Piles

Hemorrhoids / Piles

Haemorrhoids (often known as Piles) are enlarged and engorged blood vessels (varicosities) in or around the anus. These may be associated with pain, bleeding, itching and feeling as if a lump or bump is hanging down. Symptoms of Hemorrhoids The most common symptom of internal hemorrhoids is painless bright red …

Read More »