Asthma is a common disease in children and adults alike. It is experienced when there is an inflammation of the airways restricting the oxygen that flows in the lungs and which should be expelled afterwards.
Simply asthma in children is called as childhood asthma. When translated in a medical language, it is called asthmatic Bronchitis. Asthma means panting (Breathlessness).
Let us briefly understand the structure and functions of the lungs. The lungs are two cone shaped vital organs on either side of the chest. Air which we breathe through the nose enters into the lungs through the air tube (called Trachea) which bifurcates into two tubes, each going to the respective lungs. Each of the bronchus (Plural Bronchi) branches into multiple, innumerous small tubes called bronchioles. The bronchioles lead to terminal sacs called alveoli. The air eventually passes trough the bronchioles to the alvoeoli to exchange carbon dioxide (CO 2) with oxygen in return.
In the normal circumstances, there is a clear passage in the bronchi and the bronchioles facilitating effortless breathing process. In case of the asthmatic episode, due to certain factors the bronchi and the bronchioles go into spasm leading to obstructed air passage, not allowing the oxygen to go across. This is a typical phenomenon of the acute asthmatic episode. As a result of the entire process, which involved spasm and an inflammation of the lung tubules, the child may present with cough, difficult breathing (Called Dyspnea), panting and weakness.
The cause of childhood asthma could e broadly categorized into
Extrinsic (External) Factors : They comprise of a wide range of allergies, which include allergens such as food allergens, pollutants (Industrial pollutants) , chemicals (pest control), environmental factors (Pollen, dust mites, cats, cockroaches, fungi, smoke) and temperature intolerance. Physical exertion or exercise is known to induce asthmatic episode. Certain infections such as viral, bacterial, or fungal infections often lead to asthmatic breathing.
Intrinsic (Internal) factors : The extrinsic factors alone cannot produce asthma, as not every one who is exposed to the pollen develops asthma. Again, not every one who is allergic to pollen develops asthma. This means, asthma is not merely a disease of the lungs but of the immune system.
Asthma in children comprises of a set of variable symptoms. The onset of asthma may have typical cold and running of the nose, sneezing, nose block, sore throat, with or without fever. Then the symptoms might settle to the chest producing cough and congestion, leading to the typical chest spasm which is described as a wheeze in common language.
A typical and full fledged episode of asthma could be diagnosed without difficulty by parents as well as by the suffering child. When the attending physician auscultates the chest with a stethoscope, a diagnostic broncho- spasm (wheeze) may be found which confirms the diagnosis. Additional clinical test with a small device called Spirometer which is used to decide the flow of air inhaled and exhaled. In brief, this device is used to judge the extent of the airway obstruction. The tests with the Spirometer are also called Pulmonary Functions Tests (PFT).
Child asthma finds amazing cure with homeopathic treatment. Many pediatricians (Child specialist doctors) in India opt for getting their own children treated for asthma using homeopathy. Homeopathy drastically reduces the frequency of attacks of asthma; reduce severity as well as duration of attack. Also, after using homeopathic treatment, most children may not required use of steroid inhalers as often. It also helps reducing the frequency of cold.
Thuja occidentalis : This is a drug prepared from a plant Thuja occidentalis commonly known as Arbor Vitae. This is deep acting remedy with a wide sphere of action. It is a constitutional remedy of great use in many disease processes. It has profound action on respiratory organs, skin, genitourinary organs, joints, nervous system, glands, kidneys, blood etc. It is one of the frequently indicated remedies for asthmatic bronchitis as well as adult asthma.
Antimonium tartaricum : This drug is prepared from the tartarate of antimony and potash and this medicine finds its therapeutic application largely towards the treatment of respiratory diseases, m mainly in asthmatic bronchitis. After undergoing the process of potentization the latent curative powers of this drug are brought to the surface. It is one of the commonly indicated remedies for asthmatic bronchitis.
Kali carbonicum : Postassium carbonate undergoes the process of potentization to evolve into a powerful deep acting homeopathic remedy called Kali carb. It is a polycrest drug i. e, having effects on multiple organs and systems in the body. Kali carbonicum does wonders in cases of asthma, bronchitis, tuberculosis, pneumonia. It is also one of the commonly used medicines for hepatitis, Vitiligo, warts , eczema, urticaria, hair loss, and low backache, menstrual bleeding, etc.